A glance at Swedish Cleantech
During decades, Sweden has been in the forefront of environmental protection, with incentives to reduce pollution and strong support for innovation that have fostered green technologies. Sweden has shown that it is possible to combine economic growth with a decreased carbon foot print.
Supported by Sweden’s green certificate system there has been a massive expansion in wind power. In 2014, Sweden was...
Sweden is a world leader in the utilisation of bioenergy, in heat and power production, in biofuels like ethanol,...
Sweden’s industrial and engineering base combined with strict environmental and safety policies has created a solid foundation of wave...
There is a large potential for solar generated power in Sweden. It is estimated that 40 TWh annual power...
Existing grids are under pressure; a global rise in demand for electricity requires a reliable and efficient electric power...
A large portion of the running costs for a building origins from heating and the oil crisis in the...
Waste and recycling
Waste and waste management is a global challenge of huge proportions. The total amount of waste generated worldwide annually...
By applying strict treatment standards, using more than 1 750 public waterworks, Sweden has a waste water and water...
Transport and vehicle
Sweden is the base for three major vehicle manufacturers; Volvo, Volvo Cars and Scania. The vehicle sector is an...
Facts about Cleantech in Sweden
A small country in terms of population but with great assets, a high level of innovation and with a thriving startup scene, the Swedish entrepreneurial ecosystem keeps attracting investors and producing disruptive innovations
Billion SEK invested in Swedish Startups in 2016
Share of Renewable energy
GDP Growth in 2016
Reduction of Co2 emission since 1990
Supported by Sweden’s green certificate system there has been a massive expansion in wind power. In 2014, Sweden was in position number 8 when it came to new installed wind capacity.Wind power production has increased from 0,7 TWh in 2005 to 11,2 TWh in 2014 and continues to grow.
Sweden is the base for a large number of successful suppliers to the global wind power sector. They include market leading companies like ABB, SKF and ESAB but also a vast number of smaller and specialised enterprises ranging from tower manufacturing, heavy machine part manufacturing to monitoring software and advanced consulting services. Sweden also offers some unique advantages that makes it an ideal spot to conduct R&D activities, e.g. within wind energy generation in cold climates.
Financial and corporate investors committed to investments in renewable energy have a multitude of wind power opportunities in Sweden. A large corporate purchaser of renewable energy that see the potential is Google through their investment in Swedish wind power for powering their data centre in Finland.
Sweden is a world leader in the utilisation of bioenergy, in heat and power production, in biofuels like ethanol, biodiesel and biogas and in applications for aviation, maritime and the land transport sector. Out of Sweden’s total domestic energy use in 2014, the largest portion is bioenergy. By introducing various incentives like a CO2 tax, green electricity certificates, tax exemption of biofuels for transport and direct investment support, there has been a major increase in the use of biofuels. EU’s target of 10 percent renewable fuel in the transport sector in 2020, is a level Sweden already has surpassed.
In addition to Sweden’s solid fuel combustion plants, there are 277 biogas plants where about 50 percent is upgraded to be equivalent to natural gas and in several cases even injected into the natural gas grid. The process of biogas becoming an efficient fuel has led to a buzzing business sector that offers knowhow and expertise throughout the value chain.
Massive investments in bioenergy heat and power plants have resulted in a number of large orders for international boiler and turbine suppliers and it is predicted that bioenergy production will continue to increase in importance. Collaboration with Swedish companies in areas like construction, pollution abatement equipment, fuel handling as well as with engineering consultants could add great value – not only when doing business in Sweden but also when exploiting the expanding global market.
Sweden’s industrial and engineering base combined with strict environmental and safety policies has created a solid foundation of wave and marine current test sites and research nodes. Sweden has the largest concentration of wave power research in the world. There are companies ranging from experienced knowledge providers including SSPA with their towing tank and Maritime Dynamics Laboratory, to enterprises that are taking their technologies to full scale.
Swedish companies in the ocean energy supplier base include consultants, suppliers of advanced electro/mechanical systems, and simulation/super computer centers to manufacturers of construction materials. Working with these suppliers, international companies will get the opportunity to enhance their proprietary solutions. The laboratories and test environments also provide unique opportunities to test solutions in demanding marine environments.
There is a large potential for solar generated power in Sweden. It is estimated that 40 TWh annual power can be produced which makes it a potentially important contributor to the future sustainable power system. Despite a large increase in installed capacity, the share of total power production is still low. There are however several subsidy schemes that could lead to an increased production.
Swedish knowledge in solar cell technologies relays on research in new types of solar cells and photovoltaic materials where several of the research groups are at the global forefront. Some examples are the Ångström Thin Film Solar Center working with CIGS and CZTS development and NanoLund that successfully developed a novel nanowire-based photovoltaic film cell.
Sweden can offer an environment that support foreign companies in their venture for the next generation of solar power technology through developing future cutting-edge products, managing technology leaps and paradigm shifts in the area of solar power.
Existing grids are under pressure; a global rise in demand for electricity requires a reliable and efficient electric power network. Mitigating climate change also requires large-scale incorporation of renewable sources into the energy mix. Investments in smart grids are in line with Sweden’s ambitions of a 100 percent renewable based energy system.
The Swedish electricity market has been deregulated since 1996 and with an early and nationwide roll-out of more than five million smart meters, Sweden can offer extensive experience in the field. In a highly collaborative manner, the business sector has generated advanced technical solutions. This could be illustrated by the world’s most advanced, full-scale smart-grid project on the island of Gotland.
International companies with hardware or software offerings, should look into the Swedish market and its opportunities. The Swedish business community includes many smaller but technologically advanced companies. International companies in the smart grid sector could benefit greatly from cooperating with Swedish companies and adapt a technology for the global market.
A large portion of the running costs for a building origins from heating and the oil crisis in the -70ies put energy use in focus even more. Adding the driving forces set up by policymakers to lower energy consumption in general and the use of fossil fuels in particular, have led to the standard we see today.
In the forefront of the many green building projects in Sweden is the Stockholm Royal Seaport – one of 18 projects within the global Climate Positive Development Program, launched in May 2009 by the Clinton Climate Initiative and the US Green Building Council. Building on experiences from the world famous Hammarby Sjöstad, it will transform a former industrial zone into an area with 10,000 new homes and 30,000 additional work spaces, with zero fossil fuel emissions by 2030.
International companies can benefit from seeing how Sweden actually has implemented green building in numerous green building projects, identifying solutions that could be transferred to their own geography and connecting to a specific tech provider.
Waste and recycling
Waste and waste management is a global challenge of huge proportions. The total amount of waste generated worldwide annually exceeds 4 billion tons. It is estimated that more than half of the earth’s population does not have access to the most elementary waste management services.
By involving everyone from producers, businesses, municipalities and households, combined with ambitious national targets and environmental requirements, Sweden has created a high performing waste management system recovering material, energy and nutrients from waste.
Sweden offers a number of innovative technologies that will bring waste and recycling to the next level. The technologies consist of automated vacuum systems and underground containers for waste collection, large vehicle fleets and infrastructure for bio gas and world class waste incineration. Research activities in Sweden include among all the recovery of rare earth metals from LCD screens and solar PV panels, and urban/landfill mining.
Learning from the Swedish experience of going from a widespread use of disposal by basic landfill to the current standards with emphasis on the upper steps in the “pyramid”, international companies can benefit from aligning with the Swedish waste management sector.
By applying strict treatment standards, using more than 1 750 public waterworks, Sweden has a waste water and water piping system that exceeds the equivalent distance of four times the diameter of the equator. Waste water treatment, drinking water supply, rain water treatment, sanitation and energy production are all interconnected elements in a system, resulting in a highly resource efficient solution.
Sweden’s widespread implementation of anaerobic digestion at waste water treatment plants has been a strong driver for creating a market, now including more than 50 000 biogas propelled vehicles and 200 refilling stations in Sweden.
In order to be able to meet the challenges of a changed climate, large investments in securing water supply on a global scale will be needed. An environment of close collaboration between public and private stakeholders in the Swedish water sector, systems of collecting and storing data, research clusters, test beds and demonstration facilities create favourable conditions for innovation in Sweden.
Transport and vehicle
Sweden is the base for three major vehicle manufacturers; Volvo, Volvo Cars and Scania. The vehicle sector is an important part of the Swedish economy, representing 11 percent of Sweden’s overall exports and 12 percent of industrial investments. Furthermore, the sector includes almost 1 000 businesses employing more than 135 000.
In 2009, the Swedish government presented a target for Sweden to have a vehicle fleet independent of fossil fuels in 2030. It is foreseen that several measures including renewable fuels, more energy efficient vehicle techniques, hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles are parts of the solution. Sweden has dedicated large resources to support this effort resulting in a significant increase in renewable energy use in the transport sector.
Several research, innovation and development programmes are running in areas like energy efficient drivelines, renewable fuels and efficient vehicles. Other cutting-edge projects include automated cars and transport systems, electric cars and heavy vehicles, batteries, charging infrastructure and fuel cells.
Sweden has unique skills and offerings adding high value to a future sustainable transportation system. There are plenty of projects, initiatives and businesses offering learning experiences and collaborating opportunities. At the same time, the vehicle industry is part of a global value chain. Expertise found in many countries and in international companies could thus prove very valuable for the outcome of projects and for industrial partners in Sweden.